ENUGU: It means Hill Top or Mountain Top. It goes thus: “Enu” (Top) and “Ugwu” (Mountain or Hill).
It’s original spelling is ENUGWU based on it’s real pronunciation (Play the attached Pronunciation Video). However, the second form “Enugu”, which is how it is widely know now, is an Anglicized version of the name.
It is the name of one of the five states of Eastern Nigeria, generally known as Igboland because of their common language- Igbo.
Enugu is first of all the name of the capital city of the state, from where the state was named in 1991, when it was separated from Anambra State.
Although the city is not one of many hills and mountains, it has a number of notable high land areas, which could be called hills. It is from one of such hills at Ngwo and its nearby hills, mostly at the boarder of the city that the name Enugu was coined.
It is not clear in history when the name was generated but it became popular during the Colonial Era, with the Settlement of European Colonialists in the area, which before then was inhabited by locals, although not densely.
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